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Canyoning What to know

Find out all there is to know about canyoning and activity in general

It is the descent of streams, more or less recessed, with or without water, wearing an isothermal suit, sneakers with sculpted soles (not smooth), helmet and harness, using different progression techniques such as:

The march, or simply walking,
The jump, that is, you can jump from minimal heights up to important heights in natural pools formed by the stream itself.
The slide, that is, you can slide along “tobogan” (natural slides) following the path of the water.
Descent on or by rope, i.e. overcoming jumps or waterfalls with the aid of rope and harness, where it is not possible to do otherwise or where you prefer not to jump or slip. Knowledge of rope descent techniques is not required.
Is required:

a good and normal state of health
to know how to swim or with life vest the absence of fear of water.
the absence of cardiac and / or respiratory pathologies that are not compatible with physical exertion.
the desire to have fun

GENERAL INFORMATION

canyoning and what to know about the various routes that could be taken

Minimum age: There is no indication that applies to everyone, we give as a reference from 9 years onwards, but even younger children can participate according to their character and physical characteristics.
Average duration: about 3/4 hours,

Equipment provided and included in the cost: Wetsuit + helmet + buoyancy aid vest (only if required) + harness + descender and safety longes + common material (all Personal and Collective Protective Equipment used, comply with current regulations)

What do you need to bring? A polyester t-shirt to put under the wetsuit, swimsuit, towel, sneakers to get into the water and socks to get wet, no hand rings. Who wears glasses will have to make sure to fix them to the head to avoid losing them, who uses contact lenses, better if the disposable type with a spare pair.

Safety: Before entering the canyon, you will be informed about the characteristics and objective risks of the canyon, about the behaviors to be followed for the safety of everyone and respect for the environment. You will also be trained in rope maneuvers if necessary. Download the briefing and statement on training and information

# CANYONING WHAT TO KNOW ABOUT

PROGRESSION

Safety: It is very important to follow the instructions of the guide, on how to move and how to behave, disregarding them, it can be dangerous and cause accidents, for you and for the other participants in the descent.

The progression: The march. We all walk every day, taking thousands of steps, that’s why it’s simple
“Walking” is natural and not worthy of attention. Walking in a stream, on stones and other wet surfaces, with the push of water on your legs, wearing clothing and equipment that we are not used to, requires the utmost attention, step by step. There is no rush, the speed of the group will be that of the slowest person, therefore:

• Do not jump from stone to stone or to overcome an obstacle, it could cause a fall and an accident. To overcome vertical obstacles where the use of the rope is not required, you sit on the apex of the obstacle and slide down gently, or you can go downhill. If you were unable or felt insecure, ask the guide for his help in overcoming the obstacle.
• We do not run, even if the river bed allows it
• Keep a distance of about one meter from those in front of us
• Do not proceed with the safety lanyards dangling from the harness, they must be attached to the material holder or to the main attachment of the harness

JUMP

You only jump into pools of water, always and only after the guide’s instructions, on how to jump, where and how to land and what to do after emerging from the water, therefore:

We only jump when we are sure that the body of water below us is free from obstacles
If possible, you jump from standing still, giving yourself momentum with only one foot, while the other foot goes directly into the void, towards the water.
During the aerial phase, a vertical position is maintained.
Entering the water must take place with the legs together and the knees slightly bent, ready to cushion any impact due to a shallow depth or by mistake of the direction of the jump. The arms should be attached to the body, cross on the chest or along the hips. In case you have to plug your nose with one of the two hands, the elbow relative to the hand used must be attached to the body and positioned downwards, the hand must make a secure grip on the nose and face.
Those who use goggles must put them safely inside the suit before jumping.
Attention, in case the jump is in a turbulent tank, to reach a safe point, follow the instructions that the guide will give you before jumping. Furthermore, no jump is mandatory, those who do not feel safe and do not want to face it can always use the rope or where possible go around the obstacle along one of the banks.

# CANYONING COSA SAPERE SULLO

SLIDE OR TOBOGAN

Some streams have slides created by the mechanical action of stones, earth and logs transported by water, as well as by the chemical-physical action of the water itself. Whenever possible, the overcoming of tobogans in freedom is one of the most beautiful and fun ways to progress in the stream and to do it in the greatest possible safety you must:

Approach the top of the slide with caution and after being called by the guide.
Position yourself at the top of the slide in a semi-sitting position, with your legs closed and your arms close to your body crossed with your hands on your shoulders or stretched out with your hands holding the main attachment of the harness.
During the sliding phase, you should not for any reason open your legs or try, with your arms and / or hands, to slow down the run towards the receiving pool. The body slides on the rock and on the water in a supine position, the shoulders and head slightly raised. In case other sliding positions can be held, it will be the guide’s responsibility to give the appropriate instructions.
Once you have emerged from the water, move to the point indicated by the guide or to another safe point.

Attention, in case the slide is in a turbulent pool, to reach a safe point follow the instructions that the guide will give you before sliding. Furthermore, no slide is mandatory, those who do not feel safe and do not want to face it can always use the rope or where possible go around the obstacle along one of the banks.

# Canyoning cosa sapere su

ROPES

Overcoming some obstacles in the greatest possible safety, be they horizontal or vertical, requires the use of a rope and harness, complete with lanyard and safety carabiners. According to the size of the group, and the attitudes of each participant, the guide will decide whether to let the clients use some progression tools, such as the lanyards and the descender independently or whether to directly manage the client in overcoming obstacles leaving him only the management of the own body and its movement during the phase of exposure to falling from above. During the briefing at the entrance to the stream, the guide will show how to use the equipment provided, according to the choice made;

 client autonomously (with double safety practiced by the guide or by another participant trained in the case)
 customer managed on the ropes

# CANYONING COSA SAPERE SUL

Swimming

Swimming. It is the latest progression technique that may be required in canyoning.

For some predominantly aquatic streams, it is fundamental and mandatory, for others where water is a secondary aspect, it will be sufficient that the customer does not have the fear of water, and that he requires the use of a buoyancy aid vest.

Any aquatic techniques for overcoming turbulent tanks and / or sections with significant water movements will be taught from time to time. This writing is not to be considered exhaustive and must be implemented with the briefing at the beginning of the descent.

Each stream has its own characteristics, which change with the changing weather conditions even in a very short time, so attention to training and information given by the guide, before and during the descent, is of vital importance, so that a descent of
canyoning is a wonderful and fun experience, not an unnecessary exposure to risk.

Behaviors contrary to the indications given by driving, jeopardize one’s own safety and that of others, exposing the individual to subjective dangers due to accidents, even serious ones up to death, among these the most significant are:

 The slip.
 the mistake of the trajectory during a jump and the impact of one’s body or parts of it on rocks
or trees.
 wrong position of entry into the water, after a jump or a tobogan
 the fall from above

# CANYONING COSA SAPERE IN GENERALE 

Attention

Attention, canyoning is a sport of and in nature, the places of practice, although beautiful, are inhospitable for humans, even a small accident can cause great discomfort to the injured person and to the whole group. Furthermore, like any natural environment, the canyon has its own objective dangers, which do not depend on the behavior of those who are traveling it at that moment, the most significant are:

The fall of stones, trees or parts of them, animals or other things from above.
The sudden change in the weather, therefore the cold, the rain and any sudden floods, changes not foreseen by the weather forecast.
An obstruction of the riverbed or the presence of a dangerous animal that forces the group to leave the canyon with the related problems of “flow”
In the event of an accident, the immediate accessibility of the rescue system in the area, therefore the impossibility of evacuating the injured person in a short time.

The guide, if possible, may interrupt the descent at any time for safety reasons, the participant undertakes not to obstruct or influence this decision in the opposite direction, respecting the roles and serenity necessary for driving in moments considered by it to be critical.
The descent of a canyon is not a race to see who is better, faster or reckless, but a way of seeing, touching and experiencing a unique natural environment.
Canyoning or Canyoning is an activity of great satisfaction and fun, the professionalism of our guides and your responsibility will guarantee that everything will take place in the greatest possible safety.

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